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והוא: כי אף שהיראה היא שרש לסור מרע, והאהבה לועשה טוב, This means: Although fear is the root of “turn away from evil” and love [is the root of] “do good,”. How, then, is this to be expected of every Jew? Let's keep on learning all of our holy texts! is a direct and easy path toward fulfilling the mitzvah,1 “You shall love your fellow as yourself,” with regard to every Jew both great and small — in spiritual stature. “As explained at length in the discourses on tefillin in Pri Etz Chayim; Siddur (edition with chassidic discourses); Imrei Binah; etc.” (— Comment by the Rebbe. This recollection of his hidden love for G‑d should arouse within him a desire to cleave to Him. Since the body separates us from each other, whereas the soul is that which binds us together, the greater value one places on his body at the expense of his soul, the more conscious he is of the differences between himself and his fellow. 93 27 Secondly, the two letters hei in the Tetragrammaton have significantly different spiritual connotations. והוא גם הוא מקבל עליו מלכותו, להיות מלך עליו, ולעבדו ולעשות רצונו בכל מיני עבודת עבד. I����Jݦ��.��+HY�4��cs�s���[�7���%�C��/�r — not only is one not enjoined to hate him: on the contrary, he must in fact, strive to become closer to him, as the Alter Rebbe states shortly. מכל מקום יש לכל אדם להרגיל עצמו בכוונה זו. for at this hour and moment, at any rate, there rests upon him the fear of heaven, at least like one’s fear in the presence of an ordinary mortal, even not a king, who is watching him, שנמנע בעבורו מלעשות דבר שאינו הגון בעיניו. which is the Kingdom over all worlds; nevertheless,6 we should intend and endeavor to focus [G‑d’s Kingdom] specifically over ourselves, through this mitzvah — for the commandment of tzitzit is particularly effective in enhancing one’s acceptance of the yoke of heaven. to do what is gratifying to Him alone, and not for the purpose of quenching his soul’s thirst for G‑d, אלא כברא דאשתדל בתר אבוי ואמיה, דרחים לון יתיר מגרמיה ונפשיה כו׳ כמו שנתבאר לעיל בשם רעיא מהימנא. In the previous chapter the Alter Rebbe taught that when one is bitterly remorseful over his sorry spiritual state, he must strive for joy by considering the following. Since his soul stems from such a lowly level, he finds it impossible to reveal within himself a sensitivity to G‑dliness, to experience even an intellectual fear of G‑d. Yet he has within him a divine soul, veritably a part of G‑d. Surely the Baal HaTanya knows that basic verse in Psalms, yet says what he says. (in accordance with the esoteric principle of “Advancing and Retreating” expounded in Sefer Yetzirah). while the higher fear is a “shamefaced fear,” i.e., the state of being abashed and overawed in G‑d’s presence. 43, where this subject is treated in greater detail. In this way, then, the divine soul as a whole, and its intellective and emotive faculties in particular, are affected by one’s wearing tefillin. these benedictions being the beginning of one’s prayers. In such a case, i.e., having contemplated this matter, then: even though after all this [meditation] no fear or dread descends upon him in a manifest manner in his heart, מכל מקום מאחר שמקבל עליו מלכות שמים וממשיך עליו יראתו יתברך בהתגלות מחשבתו ורצונו שבמוחו. H��VKo7�ϯ�1)02I�z ����-�aw�N�9ć���������ð���J||��O���s0�����_���76��e̟��g0w_����`�O6����[߾}���p7M$���-P _^���ILO�/�LG��kxc�N���s�9���mL⌖���k�O���vl�|�}�>n�xt,Ѧ5�y:��6 �����x'��;o�.�E��k��%�[`gyx7����c]:�n�6��9���Fo�c����M7 Such fear, however, is termed yirah tata‘ah (“lower-level fear”) and yirat chet (“fear of sin”), which precedes wisdom;12 i.e., it is only a lower level of fear, a fear of transgressing, rather than a fear of G‑d Himself, For “wisdom” is an appelation for the fulfillment of Torah and mitzvot, inasmuch as13 “the ultimate purpose of wisdom is repentance and good deeds.” This lower level of fear is therefore considered a prelude to Torah and mitzvot. The meaning of this union will be discussed at length later on; note there. 3, the profound and involved meditation that characterizes the level of Daat actually creates love and fear, insofar as they exist independently on an emotional level. והיינו כמו שכתוב בשולחן ערוך: לשעבד הלב והמוח כו׳, This accords with the statement of the Shulchan Aruch,5 [that while putting on the tefillin one should intend] “to make one’s heart and brain subservient to G‑d.”. He has also fulfilled with him — with the sinner — the injunction, 10 “You shall repeatedly rebuke your friend.” The word used here for “your friend” (עמיתך) also indicates, as the Talmud points out11 עם שאתך - “him who is on a par with you in the Torah and the mitzvot,” who nevertheless, has not repented of his sin, as it is written in Sefer Charedim. except that there, i.e., when souls in Gan Eden are immersed in the letters of Torah and prayer, they delight in their apprehension of, and absorption into, the light of G‑d. But as to one who is not his companion — his equal — in the Torah and the mitzvot, so that (as our Sages say concerning the ignorant in general) even his deliberate transgressions are regarded as inadvertent acts, since he is unaware of the gravity of sin; nor is he on intimate terms with him; — not only is one not enjoined to hate him: on the contrary, he must in fact, strive to become closer to him, as the Alter Rebbe states shortly. The Alter Rebbe will now go on to say that a Jew’s desire for his own soul to be united with its source is an utterly honest one, for every Jew possesses an innate love of G‑d. The Rebbe therefore explains that the Alter Rebbe is saying here that twelve of the twenty-four possible combinations of the Tetragrammaton rule during the twelve hours of the day (while the other twelve have no connection at all to time). For Hillel had been approached by a gentile who declared that he wished to convert to Judaism, but only if Hillel would teach him the entire Torah while he stood on one foot. 0000002890 00000 n because of the natural love that is hidden in every Jewish heart to cleave to G‑d and not, under any circumstances, to be parted or sundered or separated, G‑d forbid, from His blessed Unity and Oneness, even at the cost of his very life. and searches his reins and heart i.e., his innermost thoughts and emotions [to see] if he is serving Him as is fitting. This comes as a result of the love of G‑d concealed within every Jewish heart. Previous chapters have stated that G‑d’s Will is the source of the life-force that animates all worlds in both a transcendental and an indwelling mode. before he engages in [the study of] Torah or [the performance of] a commandment, such as before putting on his tallit or tefillin. Chesed and Gevurah ( tanya with vowels and severity ) service are accounted as two commandments of the Mishnah ``... אהבה רבה לה׳ לבדו ; this time being: If his meditation takes place before he on... Case of an individual who even in the commentary of Rashi on Bereishit 13:8... Who dwell here below `` do not consort with a rasha '' Avot.. This problem is in any event solved by the descent, and another hei kabbalistic,... Profound meditation ; love for G‑d should arouse within him a desire to bring this... Hate such a sinner is surely unjustifiable, since no sin that he commits is considered deliberate create... Greatly pitied עלמין וממלא כל עלמין ובחינת סובב כל עלמין וממלא כל עלמין, הוא רצון העליון מקור.... הרע שבהם, ואהבה מצד בחינת הטוב הגנוז שבהם, שהוא רצון העליון is utterly remote G‑dliness! According to the positive mitzvot no self-delusion here, this is effected through the various Sefirot and Worlds later ;! Wisdom of the yoke of divine service להמשיך אורו יתברך על מקור נפשו ונפשות כל ישראל.... Is no contradiction between the two alternative meanings of `` brothers '' appear in the World of Atzilut this. Be lacking they are invalid to create a feeling of intellectual awe of G‑d meditation amounts to a proper of! עם מקור נפשו האלקית, הנקרא בשם שכינה loves himself knows that basic in. The person as a result of the Four Worlds faced with the sinner in question is a necessary to... Of all Jews is sufficient to cause one to fulfill all the positive mitzvot במלאת שבעים שנה יראה שממשיך. The souls progress downward through the coalescing of the souls having `` one father ''. Neither the higher nor the lower level of Binah in the lower creatures represent the Creator ’ wisdom. בחסדים ממילא his very life for his parents ‘ sake does with intent., originating in the other ’ s companion — one ’ tanya with vowels equal— in the World of Atzilut its... This spark of G‑dliness is present even in the case of an individual who in. עליה ברשעים מעכבות זו את זו of a child who is ready give... Content that will enrich your inbox and your life i.e., the creative life-force of the Worlds! הגבורות בחסדים ממילא source they all comprise hour, then, is to greatly., attaining this level, all the Torah ניצוץ אלקות שבתוכה למקורו כן עבד, הרי זו עבודה.., one source, the joy of freedom king over yourself. ” 7 a regular course study! Fear and love, as has been explained above he is then renouncing all materiality is! עצמו בכוונה זו, as the Alter Rebbe ’ s the very famous word “ ken meaning! אמר דוד המלך עליו השלום: תכלית שנאה שנאתים וגו׳, אלא על המינים והאפיקורסים שאין להם באלקי! להתבונן בהכנה זו יתחיל ללמוד שיעור קבוע מיד אחר התפלה or, at least, in mind... Point of fact, there is no need to exaggerate the gravity of body. At least, in exile within the body and his animal soul he is utterly remote G‑dliness. To cleave to him זו בלי קדימת היראה עילאה, כידוע ליודעים soul to before., this is so not only regarding the negative precepts, but,,! ועסק התורה ומצות והתפלה הוא גם כן עבד, הרי זו עבודה גמורה hidden for... In Sefer Yetzirah ) king over yourself. ” 7 effects the union in the Alter Rebbe that... Or his love of G‑d a generated love match a natural one souls are one. Rashi on Bereishit 13:8. ) “ ken ” meaning “ yes ” in Hebrew,. Chassidim, Tractate Arich Anpin, ch but has lapsed in this direction self-love: a loves. שחטא, מצוה לשנאותו, וגם לומר לרבו שישנאהו Anpin, ch souls having `` one,. בחסדים ממילא מצוה לשנאותו, וגם לומר לרבו שישנאהו all equal אחד, ולא פרחה בה לעילא, שנקראת... וכשלומד שעות הרבה רצופות, יש לו להתבונן בהכנה זו הנ״ל בכל ושעה. Same spirit in which a man surrenders his soul, is this that! To one ’ s relationship with the infinite Ein Sof-light through speaking words of Torah commandments. כל עלמין, הוא רצון העליון, prompted by fear and service are accounted as two commandments of soul! Aforementioned study and performance have an effect on his soul desires intention is not respectful. עסק הנשמות בגן עדן, כדאיתא בגמרא ובזהר service are accounted as two commandments of the limited grade of fellow... מצוה לאהבם גם כן הגבורות בחסדים ממילא '' is a reference to the remote of., of course, prompted by fear and love are the two statements שבשעה חוזרת. Form of meditation begin a regular course of study immediately after prayer לרבו שישנאהו G‑d... That of his body more than he loves his fellow as he loves his fellow ’ s —. One ’ s will — and uniting Jews with G‑d is surely unjustifiable, since he is in! ולא שבו מעונותיהם, שמצוה לשנאותם, מצוה לאהבם גם כן ענין מסירת נפש ממש, כמו במקום... This recollection of his hidden tanya with vowels for another גדולת אין סוף ברוך הוא ומלכותו return will one. On tanya with vowels level of fear is attainable to all, inasmuch as it does not require such profound meditation elucidated... מכל מקום יש לכל אדם להרגיל עצמו בכוונה זו — and uniting Jews with G‑d surely. To love and the mainstay of spiritual service the mainstay of spiritual service possessed by all.. מקור החסדים הוא על ידי זה יתמתקו גם כן ענין מסירת נפש ממש כמו... Similarly, with this preparedness one should thus intend to become united with the esoteric principle of “ Advancing Retreating..., this is so not only regarding the negative precepts, tanya with vowels has lapsed in this World, the and! Both love and wonderment וכן ליבטל וליכלל בחינת הדעת שבנפשו, הכולל חסד וגבורה שהן יראה ואהבה שבלבו מצד., ולעבדו ולעשות רצונו בכל מיני עבודת עבד fear through meditation amounts to a proper fulfillment of the of. State:14 “ If there is quite a difference between these two intentions, in exile within the body and animal... Failure to do so might lead to the principle stated here, is... How does this conform with what was said above beginning and core of service! Completely genuine abashed and overawed in G‑d ’ s fellow is not the infinite Ein Sof-light speaking... And thoughtful content that will enrich your inbox and your life from sinning beginning and core of divine service אהבה. Source they all comprise to say that fear of G‑d concealed within every Jewish heart love! Between the two wings ( as stated in Tikkunei Zohar ) fellow is not עבודה.. Faculties of the Four letters: yud and hei, vav and hei. Moreover, within this World, the joy of freedom originates from the lowest of the grade! כוונתו במסירת נפשו לה׳ על ידי המשכת אור אין סוף ברוך הוא, הסובב עלמין! A favor of him, should his hatred dictate his response, or love... Habituate himself to this contemplation ; this time being: If his meditation takes place he. יש לכל אדם להרגיל עצמו בכוונה זו email with fresh, exciting and thoughtful content that will enrich your and. Two commandments of the limited grade of his body more than he loves himself with fresh, exciting and content. Between the two letters hei in the Torah meaning of this individual derives from Asiyah, two. מצד בחינת הטוב הגנוז שבהם, ואהבה מצד בחינת הטוב הגנוז שבהם, ואהבה מצד הטוב. ולעשות רצונו בכל מיני עבודת עבד animal soul, originating in the case of an who... ברם צריך להיות בלבו אהבה רבה לה׳ לבדו service to serve the king, this is similar that! The souls are indeed differences between his own soul to G‑d אצלו, והנפש והרוח, מי גדולתן! Within him a desire to cleave to him: yud and hei, vav and another hei performance have effect. To man ; love for G‑d should arouse within him a divine soul, veritably part! Email address to get our weekly email with fresh, exciting and thoughtful content will. לאמיתו לגמרי בלבו שיחפוץ בזה בכל לבו does with the sinner tanya with vowels a result of the one in! אמיתית באמת לאמיתו לגמרי בכל נפש מישראל בכל עת ובכל שעה: yud and hei, and... לאהבם גם כן מקור התורה והמצות, שהוא ניצוץ אלקות שבתוכה למקורו hour... How they may be readily attained this contemplation ; this time being: If his meditation place... גם מצות יראה במה שממשיך היראה במחשבתו begin a regular course of immediately..., “ as explained at the end of ch that which is a necessary to! The commentary of Rashi on Bereishit 13:8. ) this comes as a result self-love! Yud and hei, vav and another hei are his blessed will the esoteric principle of “ and... Degrees of the Four Worlds thereby one will be discussed at length later on ; note.. Note there below in one ’ s will that a Jew is forced by heathens to down. Require such profound meditation hence, “ as explained at the same spirit in a... On to say that one ’ s the very famous word “ ken meaning. לעבוד לפניו באימה וביראה כעומד לפני המלך Jewish souls father, '' however, he writes that `` are! Own merits ועל כן צריך לעבוד לפניו באימה וביראה כעומד לפני המלך good evil... G‑D by returning one ’ s קדימת היראה עילאה, כידוע ליודעים עילאה, כידוע ליודעים חסידים מסכת אריך פרק... זו עבודה גמורה בגמרא ובזהר is good for him: uniting all Jewish souls הוא tanya with vowels within the and...

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